Learned Calendars, interesting and…

Learned Calendars, interesting and…

They also appeared between numerous calendars and calendars: "The scientist's calendar, interesting and useful ", "Theater calendar for a universal Polish nation a favor", "Universal calendar under the sign of the Sun", "Krakow calendar" (but also - "Warsaw", "Vilnius", "Supraślski", "Benedictine"), "Warsaw guide", "Forecasting key", "Blue Year", and even such as "City without blemish, St.. Lord's with brightness adorned ", "Mary of Elijah the Prophet is predicted in the cloud, and crowned in the Berdyczów painting, Dew on Heavenly Graces ", "Judith the enemies are militant… surrounded by saints ”or“ A carol for lovers, that is a calendar for ladies and grooms ". Some of them had one-off editions, some - have been published for several years. However, there were also such, whose publishing life lasted dozens, and even hundreds of years (such a long-lived record holder was e.g.. "Forecasting key", published by Basilians in Supraśl from the beginning of the 18th century to the end of the 19th century.).

Initially, Krakow was the leader in calendar publications. From the 18th century. - Warsaw. Calendars also appeared in other cities: in Zamość, Supraśl, Sandomierz, Grodno, Vilnius, Lviv, Poznan, Lublin, Königsberg, Płock, Częstochowa, Kalisz, and even in Braniewo. Due to the multinational and multireligious nature of the state - they were not only "Polish", but also "Lithuanian" and "Ruthenian". They gave the calendar not only according to the "new style" (Gregorian), but also the "old" (Julian). Moreover - the Mohammedan and Jewish calendar. In a word - they were addressed to all inhabitants of Polish lands.

They informed about Polish and foreign matters, however, they did not avoid minor matters, strange, interesting. Medical departments in particular were their strengths, or "various home remedies", possibly "miscellaena some about man" or simply "advice for the preservation of health and life".

But the most interesting were the "various secrets", from which you could find out: "Where pepper grows" and "balm is born", where the phoenixes and the white bears, dragons and "gray children", as well as various recipes for "knots", "For a headache", "Everyday fever", "Plague air", "All poisons and venoms" and "kaduk, that is, great powerlessness ". But also some useful things, how… what to do, "So as not to get tired of dancing and walking far", or - "so that the flies do not spike the meat".

These calendars were supplemented by pocket calendars and the so-called. memorialiki, also wall calendars, which in the 18th century. have achieved great popularity.

Astrological horoscope for the year 1491 z ..Practice ”, Jan from Kraków