Civil marriage

A civil marriage is formal – legal sanctioning of the marriage relationship .

It is concluded at any Registry Office, usually, however, this is the office of one of the bride and groom. The ceremony is conducted by the head of the Registry Office.

Required documents:

Both future newlyweds:

  • an abridged copy of the birth certificate,
  • a written assurance that there are no circumstances excluding marriage.

In the case of a woman before 18 years of age and a man before 21 year of life:

  • an abridged copy of the birth certificate,
  • a written assurance that there are no circumstances excluding marriage,
  • a family court order authorizing the marriage.

In the case of a widow and widower:

  • an abridged copy of the birth certificate,
  • a written assurance that there are no circumstances excluding marriage,
  • abridged copy of the spouse's death certificate.

If you are divorced:

  • an abridged copy of the birth certificate,
  • a written assurance that there are no circumstances excluding marriage,
  • an abridged copy of the marriage certificate with a note on divorce, possibly a legally valid divorce court.

Where one of the parties is a foreigner:

  • a copy of the birth certificate with a translation made by a sworn translator,
  • certificate of legal capacity to marry issued by a competent authority in the foreigner's country or a diplomatic representation or a decision of the district court exempting from the obligation to submit a certificate of legal capacity,
  • and identity cards for inspection (passport; in the case of permanent residence in Poland; in the case of a temporary stay,
  • valid visa or other document entitling to stay in Poland in the event of the possibility of entry on a visa-free basis).

Deadlines:

Co najmniej a month and a day przed planowaną datą ślubu. In justified cases, the head of the Registry Office may shorten the monthly waiting period for entering into marriage. For this purpose, an appropriate application form with justification should be submitted. The decision on an earlier date is issued immediately after the submission of the application. From a negative decision it is possible, within 14 days, referral to the district court to rule on the validity of the refusal. However, it is worth thinking about booking the date in advance to avoid unpleasant surprises, especially when the bride and groom decided to choose a popular office or the most-chosen months for getting married.

Fees:

  • stamp duty – 80 PLN,
  • shortened copy – 10 PLN (the first three copies of an abridged copy of the marriage certificate – without charge),
  • complete excerpt – 20 PLN,
  • decision to bring the deadline forward – 20 PLN (plus stamp duty for printing the application in the amount of 1,50 PLN., and from each attachment 15gr.).

The course of the ceremony:

The marriage is contracted in public, in the presence of the head of the Registry Office and two adult witnesses after verifying their and their fiancées' identity on the basis of their identity cards.. First, the official gives a speech on the role of marriage as the basic cell of society, and then asks the engaged couples if they intend to get married and if they will do everything., that their marriage is lasting and happy. As a symbol of the relationship, the spouses put on each other's wedding rings. This first and most important part of the celebration lasts approx 10-15 minut The next stage of the ceremony is signing the marriage certificate, first by the bride and groom, and then by witnesses and a U.S.C official. The ceremony ends with wishes for the newly wed, which the official first submits, and then the witnesses, the parents of the bride and groom and the rest of the ceremony. Traditionally, after the main part of the ceremony, participants move on to another, a more intimate room, in which a toast is raised to the well-being of the newly wedded spouses.

Legal basis:

The rules of registration of marital status are specified in the Act of 29 September 1986. Law on marital status records (Journal of Laws. no 36 item. 180 with later. d.) and the regulation of the Minister of the Interior and Administration of 26 October 1998 on detailed rules for preparing civil status records, the manner of keeping records of marital status, their control, storing and securing and specimen civil status records, their copies, certificates and protocols (Journal of Laws. no 136, item. 884 with later. d.).
The aforementioned act regulates matters related to birth registration, marriages and deaths, as well as matters relating to other events, which affect the marital status of people.
In addition, matters related to getting married, kinship, by adoption, care and guardianship , regulated by the Act of 25 February 1964 r family and guardianship code (Journal of Laws. no 9 item. 59 with later. d.).